Citrus Pulp

Citrus Pulp is a very palatable, sugar feed with intermediate levels of digestible fibre and a strong citrus aroma and taste.

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Typical analysis (on a dry matter basis)

Dry Matter (%) [i]92.0
Crude Protein (%) [i]7.0
Energy (MJ ME/kg DM) [i]12.3
Oil (%)2.5
NDF (%) [i]21.0
Starch (%)0.2
Sugar (%)24.0
DUP (%) [i]2.1
Total Fermentable Carbohydrates (%)
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What are you trying to achieve?

Need

Feature

Benefit

Drive intake

A highly palatable, aromatic and sweet feed.

Citrus Pulp is often associated with higher intakes, resulting in increased milk and meat production.

Increase energy intakes

Good levels of sugar digestible fibre energy.

Allows energy intakes to be increased without the risk of acidosis associated with cereal feeding.

Maintain milk quality

Good source of sugar and digestible fibre.

Provides the building blocks for milk fat synthesis, increasing value per litre.

Minimise risk of acidosis

High content of digestible fibre.

Assists in maintaining an optimum rumen pH.

The predicted responses (benefits) assume that the specified nutrient, physical or structural dietary components are limiting livestock performance in the current ration.

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Recommended daily feed rates (per head basis)

Citrus Pulp can be top dressed or used individually or as part of a blend or TMR.

Milking Cows

Up to 6 (typically 3)kg

Dry Cows

Up to 2 kg

Replacement Heifers

Up to 2 kg and up to 40% of the DMI

Calves (to 12 weeks)

Up to 1.5 kg and up to 40% of the DMI

Growing Cattle

Up to 2.5 kg and up to 40% of the DMI

Finishing Cattle

Up to 5 kg and up to 50% of the DMI

Suckler Cows

Up to 4 (typically 2)kg

Ewes and Rams

Up to 1(typically 0.5)kg

Hoggets and Lambs

Up to 1 kg or up to 50% of the DMI 

DMI = dry matter intake

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Availability, handling and storage

Citrus Pulp is usually available all year round, UK wide, as bulk tipped or blown loads. It tends to be particularly good value in the summer months when Sugar Beet feed is often scarce. Like all dry feeds, it should be stored in a secure shed, bunker, bin or hopper and kept cool, dry and free from vermin.

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Additional information

Method of production

A co-product from the fruit juice industry; Citrus Pulp consists of the remainder of the fruit flesh, peel and pips. Oranges are predominantly used but grapefruit, lemons and limes are also present in some samples. The final product is dried and pelleted. Citrus Pulp containing non orange citrus fruit pulps can be sharp and bitter tasting.

Quality Assurance

Citrus Pulp is a FEMAS assured product (or equivalent) and marketed by KW Alternative Feeds, a UFAS-accredited merchant. Citrus Pulp (Citrus Pulp, dried) is listed under number 5.13.2 in the EU Catalogue of Feed Materials.

Please Note:

There is some circumstantial evidence that the feeding of mouldy citrus pulp has, on rare occasions, been linked to a disease called Pruritis, Pyrexia and Haemorrhagic syndrome (PPH) which is thought to be caused by the growth of mould in the pulp, usually before drying. This can lead to fatalities due to internal bleeding. For this reason, care should be taken when feeding to all classes of livestock.

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Detailed typical analysis (fresh basis other than where stated)

Dry matter

%

91.5

Calcium

g/kg

13.0

Oil A

%

1.83

Magnesium

g/kg

1.50

Oil B

%

2.30

Phosphorus

g/kg

0.95

Crude protein

%

6.40

Potassium

g/kg

9.50

Crude protein: DM

%

7.00

Salt

g/kg

0.89

Fibre

%

11.7

Sodium

g/kg

0.39

Ash

%

5.61

Copper

mg/kg

5.50

ME* – in vivo

MJ/kg DM

12.3

Manganese

mg/kg

5.30

NDF

%

19.5

Selenium

mg/kg

0.04

Starch

%

0.18

Zinc

mg/kg

5.28

Sugar

%

22.0

Saturates

% of oil

30.0

ERDP-FiM*

% @ 6%

4.03

Monounsaturates

% of oil

28.0

DUP-FiM*

% @ 6%

19.3

PUFAs

% of oil

42.0

DUP digestibility

%

80.0

Long chain PUFAs

% of oil

0.00

sDM

0.10

Lysine

% of CP

3.44

aDM

0.43

Methionine

% of CP

1.38

bDM

0.53

Cysteine

% of CP

1.79

cDM

0.06

Histidine

% of CP

2.48

sN

0.31

Threonine

% of CP

4.55

aN

0.51

bN

0.49

cN

0.07

Legal disclaimer

Suggested feeding rates are produced as a guide only and many other factors may have an overriding effect on animal response; no performance guarantee can be given. Rations should be carefully balanced for energy and protein, contain sufficient forage to maintain rumen function and be fortified with an appropriate vitamin and mineral supplement. Animals must have constant access to clean water.

Straights
Citrus Pulp

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